React Native is a framework created by Facebook to enable a smooth and easy cross-platform mobile development. It basically means that you don’t have to create an iOS and Android app separately. All you need is one codebase to develop beautiful apps for both platforms, without compromising on the UX and UI experience.
Today, the biggest companies in the world recognize more and more React Native’s potential for business. What are the benefits? Is React Native the right solution for you? Is it better than native development? We sat down with our Head of Client Services Szymon Nieradka to answer these and other React Native iOS and Android related questions.
Pros of Investing in React Native Apps
1. Single Code base
The best part about beginning mobile app development with React Native is that it provides developers with an opportunity to write a single codebase that then runs on both Android and iOS platforms.
2. Low Development Time
Since the React Native app builders have to write the code just once, it saves a lot of development efforts in terms of app development time.
3. Ease for Web Developers
4. Open Source
React Native, being open source comes with the benefit of inspecting the code. Also, since it is open source, the library is deemed to be a lot more compatible with other platforms like TvOS and Windows.
5. Hot Reloading
React Native comes with the feature of Hot Reloading using which any mobile app development company can view the changes they are making to the app in real time on their screens.
6. Cost Effective
Since this cross-platform framework allows developers to reuse app components to enter both Android and iOS platforms, the React Native app development cost is also quite low.
Cons of Investing in React Native Apps
1. Lack of Native Elements
The biggest disadvantage of creating apps using React native is that it doesn’t allow a mobile app development company to use the native elements of the device like Camera or Voice Recorder etc.
2. Limited Third Party Libraries
Community wise React Native Development lags a lot behind Native one and because of this, there is a serious lack of third-party libraries. To make use of the native libraries, the incorporation would have to be made in native modules which increases the development efforts.
3. No Support for All Native APIs
React Native has introduced major updates like making the Flipper debugging tool as default in the latest version, 0.62. But, still it doesn’t have the freedom to use all the APIs.
With this attended to, let’s focus upon the advantages and disadvantages of Native approach to get a clarity of Native vs React Native comparison.
Pros of Investing in Native Development
1. API Accessibility
All the device’s APIs and its inbuilt functionalities can be integrated with the native development environment.
2. Use of Third Party Libraries
Another reason why Native app development is preferred is that native Android and iOS are much bigger and supported than their React Native counterpart. With the support comes the presence of a lot of third-party libraries to select from.
3. Robust Language
Both Swift and Kotlin are considered to be robust, both in terms of stability and when it comes to revealing the hidden errors in code. This robustness in the programming language is what makes every business leader and mobile app development company interested in the process of how to build a native app.
Cons of Investing in Native Development
1. Development of Two Apps
One of the biggest cons of Native development for iOS and Android is that businesses have to invest in both Android app development and iOS app development solution individually.
2. High Development Time and Effort
Because the app development happens from scratch twice, the cost to build a mobile app and the associated app development efforts grow manifold.
React Native vs Native: Factors to Consider for Deciding The Right Mobile App Development Approach
Before we jump into what factors to consider to make the right decision between React Native and Native mobile app development for your next app project, let’s have a quick look at some of the prime Native vs React Native app development pointers:-
1. Development Time
The foremost pointer to consider while Native vs React Native comparison is that the code is written individually for both Android and iOS platforms due to their technical variations in the former approach. You have to assign two different teams, i.e., the Android development team and iOS development team, for making your app available on both the platforms. Besides, you need to build and run the whole project whenever a change in the code is made. This connotes extra efforts and time required to build a mobile app.
Whereas in case of React Native, a single code is written for both the platforms by the same developers which means you can build React native apps for Android and iOS using the same codes. Plus, the concept of hot reloading makes it easier to deploy the project without rebuilding every time, which cuts down the efforts and time required for React Native application development.
So, if you are looking forward to an earlier and inexpensive entry to the mobile market while targeting both the platforms, go with React Native.
2. Mobile App Cost
The answer to mobile app development cost also helps to select the right technology for your mobile application development needs. As per the top mobile app development companies, app development with React Native can reduce the cost by 30%-35% when compared to that of Native app development for the same app project.
So, if cost is the main factor of selection, React Native is the right option for you.
3. UI/UX Experience
Another factor that helps to determine which is better – React Native or Native is UI/UX experience.
Though React Native framework allows developers to reuse the functionality code and write platform-specific code separately, creating a complex user interface such as custom views, navigation patterns, seamless transitions and animations, etc. is challenging with React Native app development. Also, it is difficult to match the UI/UX standards of both Android and iOS platforms. Whereas, it is not so while building a native app.
In Native application development, each and every screen is designed individually for both Android and iOS devices, which results in higher mobile app UI/UX experience.
So, the winner of React Native vs Native apps development in terms of exceptional mobile app experience is the latter.
When compared to Native technology, React Native provides mobile app developers with a wider set of opportunities for processing a higher amount of work in an application and launching higher-functionality updates. So, the winner of Native app vs React Native app development in terms of scalability is React Native.
Another factor to consider during React Native vs Native development comparison is App Performance.
In a nutshell, Native wins the React Native vs Native performance battle.
2. Programming Language
The Native programming languages for Android and iOS, i.e, Kotlin, Java and Swift are considered at strict-typed and OOPs-oriented languages. They are easy to learn with proper documentation and a set of rules and regulations, even though it takes time to get comfortable with them.
So again, the winner of the comparison between native and react native is the former.
3. Long-Term App Scope
Another factor to focus upon when deciding what to pick for app development – Native or React Native is long-term scope.
The Native platforms, being supported by Google and Apple, easily get the tools to implement any functionality, resolve errors and launch updates without affecting app usability.
React Native, on the other rise, do not keep update at the top priority. The tools and update are not launched in sync with that of Apple and Google, making it critical to build and launch future update. Besides, there’s a less surety of how long the support continues, which again put a question mark on if one pick React Native for a long-term app process or not.
4. Interactivity with Native Apps
The interactivity with native apps is yet another essential factor to get a clarity of the difference between react native and native approach.
A Native mobile application can easily interact with other native apps and access their data for offering an exceptional experience. But, the same is not possible with React Native.
React Native apps rely on third-party libraries to communicate with other native apps which lower the level of data access. This makes React Native for mobile app development a secondary option, when your app requires continuous interaction with other native mobile apps.
6. API and Third Party Libraries Support
When it comes to API accessibility, the Native app development frameworks can use all the types of APIs directly. Whereas, the same is not possible in the case of React Native technology.
The React Native apps can use only a few of APIs into their development processes. For implementing complex APIs, you need to build a connection layer using Native technologies. This clearly indicates that Native is a better choice over React Native when you have to add a myriad of APIs.
7. Native Module Support
React Native can easily deal with ample cross-platform use cases, but it lacks the required APIs to cover all the native mobile features. To use those inaccessible APIs, React Native relies on the idea to add native module support which requires that the React Native app development company you hire knows how to code in both the native languages.
However, there’s no such constraint in case of developing a Native mobile app for Android or iOS devices, which indicates Native app development is again a better choice.
8. App Security
9. App Maintenance
The concept of App Maintenance is tedious and time-consuming for Native app development. This is because you will have to pay attention to bugs at both the Native platform and resolve them individually. But, when talking about React Native for mobile app development, resolving bugs at one platform is enough, unless native app support is concerned.
Though we have covered the different deciding factors, let’s summarize the whole criteria here to make it easier for you to pick the right technology for your next app project:-
When to Go With Native Mobile App Development
Preferring Native app development is a good choice when:-
- You are developing a complex application, especially a Messenger app.
- You have planned to launch a regular update.
- You are more focused on the native user experience.
- You are developing a utility app, i.e, an app relying on native device feature. For example: Brightness Controller app or an application that plays videos in the background.
- You are building an IoT-based mobile application.
- You are creating an app for an individual platform.
When to Choose React Native for Mobile App Development
Going with React Native for mobile app development is the right choice when:-
- You are building a simple and uniform app.
- You want to launch an app on cross-platforms.
- You have a lower budget for app development.
- You want to enter the market at the earliest.
- You are creating a social media app like Facebook or Instagram.
- You are looking forwarding to use Facebook ads into your app.
- You are developing an e-Commerce app.
While the decision still rests with you, we recommend that if you are a startup, you should go with React Native technology due to the following reasons proving how helpful React Native is for Startups to enter the mobile realm.
Why is React Native a Better Option for Startups
To give you better clarity, here we will look into different challenges that startups face in the whole mobile app development scenario and how the technology can be the right solution.
So, here we go.
1. No Target Audience
Being a newbie, many startups fail to understand what is the right target audience and market to target for gaining higher ROI. They remain questioning one and all, “Android vs iOS: Which Platform is Better for Mobile Startups?”, with fear in their heart that they might target the platform which their users might not be using.
Facebook’s React Native provide them with an escape from this question by empowering them to target both the platforms at the same time.
2. Higher Efforts
Many startups, with lower to no technical knowledge, fails at hiring two different teams for making their app available on both Android and iOS at the same place. They have to put an extra effort into the hiring process, which makes it tough for them to focus on other important aspects.
React Native app development acts as the right solution to this startup challenge by putting the need of two different teams to an end.
3. Limited Funds
React Native app development is inexpensive when compared to Native mobile app development. This helps the startups to land into the mobile industry even in a limited budget they have.
4. Launching Dilemma
With the growing competition in the market, Startups face the challenge of when and how to launch a mobile application on Android and iOS platforms and gain higher ROI. React Native, in this scenario, helps them to launch a mobile app on both the platforms at the earliest.
We have seen how React Native is providing startups with the right assistance and ample solutions. But if you are still wondering whether you should go with React Native or not, having a look at the following use cases might help.
Different Brands Already Working With React Native
React Native has gained paramount importance in the market, with various popular brands already using this framework for fulfilling their particular needs.Some of the apps built with React Native are:-
Facebook wanted to enjoy all the benefits of web development like quick iterations, need of a single team, etc. on mobile and streamline the user experience. So, they brought open-source React Native to life.
Walmart wished to improve the customer experience and performance for their app on both Android and iOS platform using lesser resources and time. So, they invested in React Native application development using which they successfully reused 96% of codebase between the two platforms and gained a competitive advantage in the market.
Another app made with React Native is SoundCloud app.
SoundCloud came across numerous challenges when they planned to build an ioS version of their app. They couldn’t find the right iOS app development team and wished to their app for both the platforms at almost the same time. React Native platform provides them with the freedom to launch their app on both platforms easily and that too without requiring any specialized mobile app developer.
Another brand that invested in React Native app development is Bloomberg. Bloomberg, as per its team, switched to React Native to meet the needs of their consumer mobile app and stay in the market.
Wix works with an aim to let the users create their own HTML5/mobile websites using drag and drop facility itself – even when they do not know how to code. They found React Native the right fit into their ideology, with its characteristics of hot reload, higher speed and agility of web development along with native results. According to their dev team, they managed to accelerate their development process by 300% with React Native.
Not just these popular brands, even we at Appinventiv have tried our hands on React Native. And here’s what our experts conclude:-
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Our Experience With React Native So Far
Working with React Native has added another dimension to our services. React Native has come up as a perfect tool for us to meet our client needs in limited resources, cost and time. The technology has helped us deliver our services to a wider marketplace, especially startups and achieve the honor of a reputed react native app development company globally.
We are finding it easier to turn an idea into an MVP and launch it into both the Android and iOS market at the same time without assigning the project to two different teams. This has streamlined the app delivery process in terms of communication, resource availability and various other ways. We are also experiencing ease in pushing new app updates without going through the lengthy process of App Store or Google Play Store submission, which has again added to the amount of work we do.
Now that you have seen what the two app development approaches mean in the market and what it can do for your startup, hope you have a clear idea of what to choose for your mobile app: React Native vs Native application development. But, in case you still have any queries, feel free to contact our React Native development team.
Frequently Asked Questions about React Native vs Native Comparison
- Is React native to a Native app? No, it is not a native application. A React Native app works both on Android and iOS platforms.
- Is React Native better than native? When discussing React native app vs Native app battle, the former is better when you have no clue of your target audience, have a limited budget, can’t invest higher effort, or are confused about which platform to launch an app on.
- Is react-native slower than native apps? No, it is not slower than native applications.
- Is react native hybrid or native? React Native is neither native nor hybrid. Rather, it is a cross-platform framework. That implies it develops applications that run both on Android and iOS platforms.